As the professional body for human resource managers, we are often asked about the jobs of the future. As old jobs disappear, so many of the new opportunities will be in jobs we don’t even know exist yet, but they are sure to be skilled and to require a broad range of capabilities.
Human resource management, known as HR , recognises that people are the most important part of any organisation and that they need to be managed, supported and developed to enable them to them to make the most of their skills and talent. Against a background of fast moving and constant change and a global economy, our job is to recruit and develop a talented and skilled workforce so that an organisation can continue to successfully compete with others in what has become to be known as the “The War for Talent”.
It’s tough out there. Yet it might surprise you to know that, even now, around 10,000 jobs are advertised at the Government’s Jobcentre Plus each and every working day. In addition, schemes like the Graduate Talent Pool and apprenticeships can help you get a start in the job market now. According to UKCES, the Government’s skills and employment advisory body, the UK economy will need a further two million new jobs by 2020. A further 11 million jobs will need to be filled from people who are retiring or going on maternity leave. The main source for these jobs will be in:
- personal services – including hotels, bars and restaurants , recreation, amusements and cultural services, domestic services and other personal services
- business services – marketing and advertising, consulting, legal services, human resource management, security, facilities management, logistics and shipping
- science-based industries – pharmaceuticals , medical biotechnology and medical technology, development of a low carbon economy, technology-based businesses, clean technology, and advanced manufacturing sectors.
But don’t just think about the UK, remember that it is increasingly easier to travel and work in other countries. There is a whole world of opportunity out there. In Europe there are estimated to be about 20 million new jobs and by 2020, a further 85 million arising from people retiring. That’s about 7.5 million jobs a year.
The price of progress
Greater and greater competition, and the increasingly higher demands that customers have for high quality products means that successful organisations need to constantly innovate, improve and update the service they provide or product they make. This means that a large number of these new jobs will require degrees because many will be knowledge and management jobs. Apprenticeships are also a key route to make the most of your talent. Employers want employees who:
- are able to change quickly to respond to new customer needs
- are creative and able to find better solutions
- are quick and able to get the job done quickly
- focus on quality making it easier to keep customers
- act on their own initiative to respond quickly to new or changing needs
- show and tell others by sharing information and knowledge
Finding that job
So how do you get a job? Treat the job search like a job – work nine to five searching for jobs. Don’t see unemployment as an extended date with your duvet. Get motivated to search by ensuring that your day is occupied with activities which will help you get a job, things like:
- updating your CV – remember, even if your skills and experiences are low, think of all the things you have done which can contribute
- getting serious about skills – learning and developing your talent is key. There is still Government support for this and there are still university and college places
- taking a good enough job – make sure you don’t just sit back and watch the Jeremy Kyle show because there are no jobs at the level or salary you are prepared to accept. It might be tough doing two low paid jobs but see it as an experience builder and think about the money. Volunteering is also a great way to build skills and CV brownie points
- thinking about relocation – moving for jobs will be an increasing part of your life so get used to it
- being at your best – in terms of appearance, attitude and alertness when you secure those interviews. Show the softer skills in abundance but also show that you have a sharp head on your shoulders. Google the companies you hope to work for and show that you know them and their business
- remembering that a lot of recruitment is about fit – so do come across as someone your future colleagues will want to work with. The ability to communicate with customers, work in teams, and manage and motivate yourself, have ideas and solve problems are among the new key skills. Our survey evidence shows many employers think young people lack them. Think about how you can develop and demonstrate these skills.
John McGurk, Learning, Training and Development Adviser, the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD)
John’s career journey!
A Levels as a mature student in Modern History and Economics – Degree (1st) in Modern History _ PCGE to teach secondary economics, business studies and modern studies – PhD in Deregulation and Employment in Airline Labour Market – Academic, Cardiff Business School – Head of Research and Policy, British Air Line Pilots Association – Learning, Training and Development Adviser, CIPD
[g5]Link to Catch 22 article in Getting a Job topic at para Careers rarely go in straight lines